Gastrointestinal Issues from Obesity

Complex, chronic obesity impacts several bodily systems. Obesity can affect the development and severity of numerous digestive problems, as well as heart disease and diabetes.

Digestive upper

Obesity raises abdominal pressure, worsening upper gastrointestinal issues. A faulty sphincter that closes the bottom of the esophagus causes the most common condition, GERD. 

Throat touches diaphragm. Above the stomach lies the oesophagus. People with sliding esophaguses have portion of the upper stomach ascend through a bigger hole.


Processed foods, meat, dairy, low-fiber cereals, legumes, and vegetables can cause constipation. Constipation produces firm, lumpy stools and fewer than three bowel motions per week.

Constipation and hemorrhoids are treated with a high-fiber diet, water, and exercise. If it doesn't work, laxatives, of which there are several, can.


Diet, medications, and bariatric surgery cause diarrhea. Overeating, especially dietary fats, fiber, fruits, vegetables, caffeine, and alcohol, induces diarrhea in many. 

Orlistat (Xenical®) and metformin, type 2 diabetic medicines, can also cause diarrhea. Sometimes bariatric surgery hinders food absorption.


Obese people are more likely to develop NAFLD, which causes liver cells to store fat. NAFLD seldom causes symptoms. 

NASH can cause irreparable late-stage liver injuries. Early management with diet, exercise, and medication can cure liver inflammation and fat, fortunately.


Gallstones and obesity are linked, especially in women.5 Bile, produced by the liver, is stored and concentrated in the gallbladder below the liver. While eating, the gallbladder discharges bile into the small intestine to breakdown lipids.


Obesity can induce acute pancreatitis.6 Acute pancreatitis is linked to obesity, gallstones, diabetes, elevated triglycerides, and obesity treatments including bariatric surgery.

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